AgBioResearch Scientist to Create Genomic Clearinghouse for Biofuel Crops

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C. Robin Buell, plant biology researcher, is creating a database of genomic information on crops that can be used for ethanol. (view larger image)

A Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station scientist is creating an easily accessible, Web-based database of genomic information on crops that can be used to make ethanol, thanks to a joint grant from the U.S. departments of Agriculture (USDA) and Energy (DOE).

“Ultimately, this will allow us to create better biofuel crops,” said C. Robin Buell, MAES plant biology researcher. “Right now, about half of the biofuel crops don’t have genomic databases, and the ones that do are in many different places and are annotated differently, which makes it difficult to compare and use the information.”

Buell and Kevin Childs, postdoctoral researcher in her lab, will use the $540,000 grant to centralize the genomic databases, create uniform annotations (notes or descriptions of the genomes), provide data-mining and search tools, and provide a Web site for scientists from around the world to access the databases. They will also regularly update the information. Genomic databases contain information on the molecular biology and genetics of a particular species.

“Our biofuel genomic database portal will include information on any crop that can be used to produce cellulosic ethanol, including all the grasses—such as corn, rice, maize and wheat—and other biofuel species such as poplar, willow and pine,” Buell explained. “This will save researchers a lot of effort, so we expect it to be a valuable resource for scientists at MSU and around the world.”

“Cellulosic biofuels offer one of the best near- to mid-term alternatives we have, on the energy production side, to reduce reliance on imported oil and cut greenhouse gas emissions while continuing to meet the nation’s transportation energy needs,” said Raymond Orbach, DOE undersecretary for science. “Developing cost-effective means of producing cellulosic biofuels on a national scale poses major scientific challenges—these grants will help in developing the type of transformational breakthroughs needed in basic science to make this happen.”

For more information on Michigan State University’s biofuel and bioenergy research, visit the Office of Biobased Technologies Web site.

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